Skip to Main Content

Indigenous Learning - Introduction to Research

Truth and Reconciliation Commission

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC) was active in Canada from 2008 to 2015, organized by the parties of the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement.

Justice Murray Sinclair served as chairman of the T&R Commission.

In June 2015, the TRC released an Executive Summary of its findings along with "94 Calls to Action" regarding reconciliation between Canadians and Indigenous peoples. The Commission officially concluded in December 2015 with the publication of a multi-volume final report.
TRC Final Reports: Online access available here, Print access available at North E 96.5 T78 2015
      TRC Summary of the Final Report, Honouring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future (print format here) (online available here)
      Vol 1, part 1:    The History, Part 1 - Origins to 1939
      Vol 1, part 2:    The History, Part 2 - 1939 to 2000
      Vol 2:                The Inuit and Northern Experience
      Vol 3:                The Métis Experience
      Vol 4:                Missing Children and Unmarked Burials
      Vol 5:               The Legacy
      Vol 6:               Reconciliation

TRC 94 Calls to Action - print copy available at North E 96.5 T785 2012, online copy available here

Beyond 94. In March 2018, CBC News launched Beyond 94, a website that monitors progress on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's 94 Calls to Action. The website can accessed here. 

National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation. The NCTR was created as part of the mandate of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC). The TRC was charged to listen to Survivors, their families, communities and others affected by the residential school system and educate Canadians about their experiences. The resulting collection of statements, documents and other materials now forms the sacred heart of the NCTR.

National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls

Indigenous women and girls have experienced a disproportionately high level of violence. In response to this, the Government of Canada under Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, established the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls in September 2016.  The National Inquiry conducted in-depth studies and analysis between September 2016 to December 2018.  On November 1, 2017, the National Inquiry issued its Interim Report, and the final report was issued on June 3, 2019.

The Inquiry’s Final Report is far-reaching and deals with many underlying systemic issues. Its recommendations, directed towards multiple levels of government and various stakeholders, will help identify the Government of Canada’s next steps in preventing the systemic violence that has resulted in this national tragedy.

Interim Report of The National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls: Our Women and Girls are Sacred.

Final Report of The National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls:  Reclaiming Power and Place.