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Media Literacy: Spotting Fake News

Criteria for Evaluating Websites

It is important that we are critical consumers of all websites that we find.  Try these three checklists provided below:

CRAAP Test.  Developed by the Meriam Library, California State University, Chico, this is a set of  questions designed to help you evaluate information based on the following points:

  • Currency: The timeliness of the information
  • Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs
  • Authority: The source of the information
  • Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content/
  • Purpose: The reason the information exists.

PARCA Test.   A similar set of questions but presented as: Purpose, Authority, Relevance, Currency and Accuracy.   From: SPARK at York University, 2013.

OWL at Purdue also provides a checklist for Using Research and Evidence, specifically to determine the type of evidence/research to use and how to determine if a source is credible.


Browser Plugins/Apps for Detecting Fake News